Neuroimaging Research


I performed functional magnetic resonance imaging and eyetracking on children and adults with and without autism to learn about social perception in the brain.

Exploring the Neural Correlates of Goal-Directed Action and Intention Understanding

The degree to which animated characters appeared humanoid affected processing of reaching behaviors.


Carter, E. J., Hodgins, J. K., & Rakison, D. H. (2011). Exploring the neural correlates of goal-directed action and intention understanding. Neuroimage, 54(2), 1634-1642. (link)

Is He Being Bad? Social and Language Brain Networks during Social Judgment in Children with Autism

Children with autism may not automatically perform linguistic encoding when making social judgments. 


Carter, E. J., Williams, D. L., Minshew, N. J., & Lehman, J. F. (2012). Is he being bad? Social and language brain networks during social judgment in children with autism. PloS ONE, 7(10), e47241. (link)

Functional Imaging of Numerical Processing in Adults and Four-year-old Children

Adult numerical cognition develops prior to symbolic numerical understanding.


Cantlon, J. F., Brannon, E. M., Carter, E. J., & Pelphrey, K. A. (2006). Functional imaging of numerical processing in adults and 4-y-old children. PLoS Biology, 4(5), e125. (link)

Action Understanding in the Superior Temporal Sulcus Region

The pSTS region is modulated by perceived goals as well as by biological motion.


Vander Wyk, B. C., Hudac, C. M., Carter, E. J., Sobel, D. M., & Pelphrey, K. A. (2009). Action understanding in the superior temporal sulcus region. Psychological Science, 20(6), 771-777. (link)

Friend or Foe? Brain Systems Involved in the Perception of Dynamic Signals of Menacing and Friendly Social Approaches

The posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) differentiated between an approaching man making a happy versus angry face.


Carter, E. J., & Pelphrey, K. A. (2008). Friend or foe? Brain systems involved in the perception of dynamic signals of menacing and friendly social approaches. Social Neuroscience, 3(2), 151-163. (link)

School-aged Children Exhibit Domain-Specific Responses to Biological Motion

Typically developing children show differentation between biological and non-biological motion in the pSTS region.


Carter, E. J., & Pelphrey, K. A. (2006). School-aged children exhibit domain-specific responses to biological motion. Social Neuroscience, 1(3-4), 396-411. (link)

Brain Mechanisms for Social Perception

Children with autism show reduced pSTS specificity to biological motion than children with typical development.


Pelphrey, K. A., & Carter, E. J. (2008). Brain mechanisms for social perception. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1145(1), 283-299. (link)

Literature Reviews

Pelphrey, K. A., & Carter, E. J. (2008). Charting the typical and atypical development of the social brain. Development and psychopathology, 20(04), 1081-1102. (link)


Pelphrey, K. A., & Carter, E. J. (2010). Brain mechanisms underlying social perception deficits in autism. Human Behavior, Learning, and the Developing Brain: Atypical Development, 56.


Carter, E. J., & Pelphrey, K. A. (2008). Brain mechanisms for social perception.Voice and Emotions, 17-34.

Liz.Carter at aya dot yale dot edu 

© 2017 Elizabeth Carter